For this Unit assignment, you will submit an APA formatted annotated bibliography. Your final project must consist of eight external resources (outside of the textbook). Of these external resources, at least five must be peer reviewed articles from professional journal or published resource (i.e. book, periodical, dissertation, encyclopedia etc). If you have any questions regarding a source used for the paper, contact your instructor immediately for clarification. The final sources can be any source desired (blog, government website, interview with professional etc.).
Submit your annotated bibliography by the end of the day Sunday. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to ask in the “Ask Your Instructor” forum!
HLTSV310: Health Services Delivery System
4 August 2015
Medical Model vs. Wellness Model: An Annotated Bibliography
Medical model is a term in psychology which is the view that abnormal behavior is the result of physical problems and should be treated medically. Medical models allow medical researchers primarily to apply treatments to models such as mouse models allowing them to predict certain outcomes.
The traditional approach to the diagnosis and treatment of illness as practiced by physicians in the Western world since the time of Koch and Pasteur. The physician focuses on the defect or dysfunction, within the patient, using a problem-solving approach.
Robert Koch, a distinct medical officer in 1870, discovered Anthrax to be a deadly disease of cattle. And Louis Pasteur, a French chemist discovered a wellness model to kill the microorganisms that caused Anthrax.
Pasteur’s work with silkworm parasites and air-bourne germs led him to propose the germ theory of disease. He pressed doctors to disinfect their instruments by boiling and steaming. Pasteur discovered that septicemia was caused by an anaerobic bacterium. Therefore, he urged surgeons to use clean instruments, wash their hands, and disinfect their gauze and bandages.. Pasteur heated Anthrax germs and inoculated 25 sheep. All 25 sheep survived, demonstrating that the weakened Anthrax lost its virulence but still could confer immunity.
The wellness model is a multidimensional state of being describing the existence of positive health in an individual as exemplified by the quality life and a sense of well-being. Wellness is an active process of becoming aware of and making choices toward a more successful existence.
The medical model states that the path to being “fixed” comes from sources outside of us via remedies and treatments that were performed by clinicians upon us. The best that one could hope for is to have our “illness” be controlled, or go into remission, to be maintained rather than getting better or non-existence. However, the Wellness Model takes recovery model one step further. Every action counts. Nothing is insignificant.
Industrialization affected medicine in many ways. Such as communications that developed, allowing ideas to be exchanged more quickly. These changes caused doctor’s to move away from pre-industrial ideas and look for scientific reasons. As with the case of Anthrax, Koch looked for treatment while Pasteur searched for scientific reasons.
Medicine during the post-industrial period. During the 19th century medicine made great advances. Louis Pasteur proved that microscopic organisms caused disease. And once doctors knew what caused diseases they made rapid headway in finding cures or preventions rather than treatment only.